Inland Neurosurgery Institute (INI) continually stays at the forefront of Neurological Surgery. We are experts in the treatment of a large range of disease processes. Our goal is to bring the least invasive procedures with the best outcomes to our patients.

In this section you can find:

  • Video descriptions of some commonly performed Spine and Cranial surgeries.
  • A non-Comprehensive list of the problems treated (with their treatment options listed in italics).

Surgical Procedures: Spinal Procedures

Lumbar Discectomy

Lumbar discectomy is a procedure that removes part of a problematic disc in the low back. This procedure is commonly used when a herniated, or ruptured, disc in the low back is putting pressure on a nerve root.

Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Lumbar Interbody Fusion remains a operation done frequently for the treatment of severe low back pain, spinal instability and certain nerve root compression syndromes as the most common indications for this procedure.

Cervical Discectomy Fusion

Cervical discectomy fusion is done to treat nerve root or cervical spinal cord compression. It is a very effective procedure when a specific diagnosis of a cervical root or cord compression is diagnosed.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a pinched nerve in the hand which causes hand pain, numbness and tingling. This problem can arise in both hands. It is a very common procedure done by neurosurgeons.

Surgical Procedures: Brain/Cranial Procedures

Brain Tumor

Our neurosurgery group performs craniotomies for a variety of malignant and benign brain tumors. In selected cases we may perform stereotactic needle biopsies of selected tumors.

Ruptured Cerebral Aneurysm

A ruptured cerebral aneurysm is a ballooning of an artery around the brain that bleeds and causes severe headache, nausea, vomiting and occasional coma or even death.


Hydrocephalus means water on the brain. There are ventricles within the brain cavity that can enlarge from various conditions. This can lead to a build up on the fluid within these chambers. This is often treated with a shunt procedure.

Subdural Hematoma

A subdural hematoma is a new or old blood clot on the surface of the brain. For a new blood clot a craniotomy is performed. For an old or chronic subdural hematoma burr holes can be performed.

Problems Treated

With their treatment options listed in italics

(Craniotomy, Computer Assisted (Stereotactic) Surgery, Transphenoidal Surgery, Endoscopic Surgery, Gamma Knife, Minimally Invasive “Key Hole” Approaches)

  • Choroid Plexus Tumors
  • Craniopharyngioma
  • Ependymomas
  • Gliomas, Anaplastic Gliomas
  • Glioblastomoas (GBM)
  • Lymphoma
  • Medulloblastomas/PNET
  • Meningiomas
  • Oligodendrogliomas
  • Pituitary Tumors
  • Schwannoma
  • Skull Base Tumors
(Craniotomy, Computer Assisted (Stereotactic) Surgery, Gamma Knife)

  • Aneurysms
  • ArteriorVenous Malformations (AVM)
  • Cavernomas (AKA Cavernous Angioma)
  • Deep Venous Anomolies (DVA)
  • SubArachnoid Hemorrhage (SAH)
(Craniotomy, Computer Assisted (Stereotactic) Surgery, Gamma Knife)

  • Dystonia
  • Epilepsy (Seizures)
  • Facial Tics
  • Hemifacial Spasm
  • Parkinson’s Disease
  • Trigeminal Neuralgia
(Craniotomy, Computer Assisted (Stereotactic) Surgery, Shunt surgery, Endoscopic Surgery, Minimally Invasive “Key Hole” Approaches)

  • Cerebral/Ventricular Hemorrhage
  • Encephaloceles
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Meningoceles
  • Myelomeningocele
(Nerve decompression and explorations, Microsurgical tumor removal)

  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Tumors (Schwannomas, Neurofibromas, Ganglion Cysts)
  • Ulnar Nerve Entrapment
(ACDF, ALIF, Complex spine fusions, Corpectomy, Discectomy, Facetectomy, Foraminotomy, Kyphoplasty, Laminectomy, Laminoplasty, Laminotomy, Minimally invasive approaches, PLF, PLIF, TLIF, Vertebroplasty)

  • Back/neck pain
  • Bone spurs
  • Complex Pain Problems
  • Compression Fractures
  • Degenerative Spine Disease (Arthritis/Spondylosis)
  • Nerve Impingement
  • Neurogenic Claudication
  • Sciatica
  • Spinal Cord Tumors
  • Spinal Cord Compression
  • Spinal Stenosis
  • Disc Disease (Herniated/Bulging)
  • Discitis
  • Facet Disease
  • Foraminal Stenosis
  • Spondylolisthesis (Slipped Vertebrae)
  • Tumors (Schwannomas, Ependymomas)
(Craniectomy, Burr Hole surgery, and the treatment options listed for brain tumors & spine problems)

  • Brain Contusions
  • Closed Head Injury (CHI)
  • Depressed/Open Skull Fractures
  • Epidural/Subdural/SubArachnoid Hemorrhages
  • Intracranial Hemorrhages (ICH)
  • Spine Fractures
  • Spine Disloaction
  • Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
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